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Image of Maihuenia poeppigii (Maihuén). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Maihuenia poeppigii

VIII Region, Termas de Chillan, Chile
Altitude: 1600 m. 03 22, 2008

 

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Species:  Maihuenia poeppigii (Otto ex Pfeiffer) Phil. ex K. Schum
Family:  Cactaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Caryophyllales
Chilean Name:  Maihuén
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0044
About 1 Maihuenia in Chile and 1 in our data base.
About 164 Cactaceae in Chile and 63 in our data base.

 

1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 7, even 6b. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even  -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.     Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
High altitude close to the timber line
High altitude close to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
High altitude close to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
High altitude close to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
High altitude close to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
Yellow, 7 - 14 petals   White, 7 - 14 petals      Shrub     

Endemic    Frequent

Height: 10 cm.

Good ornamental value (A)

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INTRODUCTION

This cactus is very interesting for cultivation for several reasons. Firstly, this cactus grows in mountains and in winter it is covered by snopw during several months. Few cacti in the world can do that. For this same reason, it is very important to carry out cold stratification of the seeds. Secondly, this cactus is edible and has very big fruits, compared to its size. Thirdly, it grows fast and begins fruiting just in a few years. You should consider that most edible cacti may take up to 10 years before starting to produce fruits. This one is fast.

Image of Maihuenia poeppigii (Maihuén). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Maihuenia poeppigii

VIII Region, Termas de Chillan, Chile
Altitude: 1600 m. 03 22, 2008

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Shrub

Flower: Yellow, 7 - 14 petals
White, 7 - 14 petals

Height: 10 cm.

 

Image of Maihuenia poeppigii (Maihuén). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Maihuenia poeppigii

VIII Region, Termas de Chillan, Chile
Altitude: 1600 m. 03 22, 2008

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

High altitude close to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).
Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.

 

Image of Maihuenia poeppigii (Maihuén). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Maihuenia poeppigii

VIII Region, Termas de Chillan, Chile
Altitude: 1600 m. 03 22, 2008

 

USES

Good ornamental value (A)

 

 

 

 

Image of Maihuenia poeppigii (Maihuén). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Maihuenia poeppigii

VIII Region, Termas de Chillan, Chile
Altitude: 1600 m. 03 22, 2008

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 7, even 6b. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).

 

Relatively easy to cultivate

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (17) of Maihuenia poeppigii (Otto ex Pfeiffer) Phil. ex K. Schum available here

More species from the same Cactaceae family in our data base:

Austrocactus philippii (Hiberno)

Austrocactus spiniflorus (Espinifloro)

Browningia candelaris (Candelabro / Cardón / Browningia)

Cactaceae sp. #1788 (cactus, artificila)

Copiapoa calderana ssp. calderana

Copiapoa cinerascens

Copiapoa cinerea ssp. columna-alba

Copiapoa cinerea ssp. haseltoniana

Copiapoa coquimbana

Copiapoa dealbata

Copiapoa echinoides

Copiapoa fiedleriana

Copiapoa grandifolora ssp. grandiflora

Copiapoa humilis ssp. humilis

Copiapoa humilis

Copiapoa krainziana

Copiapoa longistaminea

Copiapoa marginata

Copiapoa serpentisculata (Cactus de la serpiente)

Corryocactus brevistylus (Guacalla)

Cumulopuntia boliviana subsp. ignescens

Cumulopuntia boliviana ssp. ignescens

Cumulopuntia sphaerica (Gatito / Puskaye / Perrito)

Cylindropuntia tunicata

Echinopsis atacamensis ssp. atacamensis

Echinopsis chiloensis ssp. littoralis (Quisco costero)

Echinopsis chiloensis (Quisco)

Echinopsis deserticola

Eriosyce aurata

Eriosyce curvispina

Eriosyce curvispina ssp. curvispina

Eriosyce curvispina ssp. curvispina

Eriosyce eriosyzoides

Eriosyce heinrichiana

Eriosyce odieri

Eriosyce odieri ssp. malleolata

Eriosyce paucicostata ssp. echinus

Eriosyce paucicostata

Eriosyce rodentiophila (Sandillon de los ratones)

Eriosyce senilis (Viejito)

Eriosyce sp. #1783

Eriosyce sp.

Eriosyce subgibbosa

Eriosyce subgibbosa ssp. subgibbosa

Eriosyce taltalensis (Quisquito de Taltal)

Eriosyce taltalensis ssp. pygmaea

Eulychnia acida (Copao)

Eulychnia castanea (Copado de Philippi)

Eulychnia iquiquensis (Copao)

Haageocereus fascicularis

Maihuenia poeppigii (Maihuén)

Maihueniopsis archiconoidea

Maihueniopsis atacamensis

Maihueniopsis colorea

Maihueniopsis domeykoensis

Maihueniopsis glomerata

Maihueniopsis grandiflora

Miqueliopuntia miquelii (Tunilla / Tuna de Miguel)

Neowerdermannia chilensis

Opuntia ficus-indica (Tuna)

Oreocereus hempellianus (achacañao/arequipa)

Oreocereus leucotrichus (viejito/chastudo)

Tunilla chilensis

 

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If you are interested in using these photographs...