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Image of Sisymbrium offcinale (Mostacilla). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Sisymbrium offcinale

Region Metropolitana, Reserva Nacional Río Clarillo, Chile
Altitude: 800-900 m. 10 09, 2006

 

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Species:  Sisymbrium offcinale (L.) Scop
Family:  Brassicaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Capparales
Chilean Name:  Mostacilla
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0570
About 19 Sisymbrium in Chile and 2 in our data base.
About 191 Brassicaceae in Chile and 50 in our data base.

 

1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 9.  The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).     Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.     Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
Yellow, 4 petals      Annual     

Foreign    Very Frequent

Height: 70 cm.

No ornamental value (C)

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INTRODUCTION

Image of Sisymbrium offcinale (Mostacilla). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Sisymbrium offcinale

Region Metropolitana, Reserva Nacional Río Clarillo, Chile
Altitude: 800-900 m. 10 09, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Annual

Flower: Yellow, 4 petals

Height: 70 cm.

 

Image of Sisymbrium offcinale (Mostacilla). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Sisymbrium offcinale

Region Metropolitana, Reserva Nacional Río Clarillo, Chile
Altitude: 800-900 m. 10 09, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.

 

Image of Sisymbrium offcinale (Mostacilla). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Sisymbrium offcinale

Region Metropolitana, Reserva Nacional Río Clarillo, Chile
Altitude: 800-900 m. 10 09, 2006

 

USES

No ornamental value (C)

 

 

 

 

Image of Sisymbrium offcinale (Mostacilla). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Sisymbrium offcinale

Region Metropolitana, Reserva Nacional Río Clarillo, Chile
Altitude: 800-900 m. 10 09, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 9. The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (4) of Sisymbrium offcinale (L.) Scop available here

More species from the same Brassicaceae family in our data base:

Brassica campestris (Yuyo)

Brassicaceae sp. #1367

Brassicaceae sp. #1473

Brassicaceae sp. #1916

Brassicaceae sp. #1972

Brassicaceae sp. #2010

Brassicaceae sp. #2015

Brassicaceae sp. #2030

Brassicaceae sp. #2036

Brassicaceae sp. #2043

Brassicaceae sp. #2045

Brassicaceae sp. #2109

Brassicaceae sp.

Cardamine cordata

Cardamine flaccida (Berro de la cordillera)

Cardamine glacialis

Cardamine hirsuta (Berro)

Cardamine sp. #1540

Cardamine sp. #1559

Cardamine sp. #1566

Descurainia pimpinellifolia

Draba gilliesii

Menonvillea cuneata

Menonvillea minima

Menonvillea pinnatifida

Menonvillea sp. #1463

Menonvillea sp. #1464

Plant sp. #1271

Raphanus raphanistrum (Rabano silvestre)

Schizopetalon rupestre

Schizopetalon sp. #0073 (Rabanillo)

Schizopetalon sp. #1213

Sisymbrium andinum

Sisymbrium offcinale (Mostacilla)

Thlaspi magellanicum

Weberbauera chillanensis

Werdermannia anethifolia

Unidentified Plant sp. #1313

Unidentified Plant sp. #2002

Unidentified Plant sp. #2372

 

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