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Image of Prunella vulgaris (Hierba mora / Hierba negra). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Prunella vulgaris

IX Region, Lago Caburga (Norte), Chile
Altitude: 400 m. 03 16, 2006

 

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Species:  Prunella vulgaris L.
Family:  Lamiaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Lamiales
Chilean Name:  Hierba mora , Hierba negra
English Name:  Healall
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0340
About 1 Prunella in Chile and 1 in our data base.
About 20 Lamiaceae in Chile and 20 in our data base.

 

Weed   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.   Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.     The plant grows in water or it has its roots within a permanent water course. This corresponds to marshes, bogs, water courses, lake and river shores.   Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
Blue, 2 petals      Perennial     

Foreign    Frequent

Height: 30 cm.

No ornamental value (C)

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INTRODUCTION

Image of Prunella vulgaris (Hierba mora / Hierba negra). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Prunella vulgaris

IX Region, Lago Caburga (Norte), Chile
Altitude: 400 m. 03 16, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Perennial

Flower: Blue, 2 petals

Height: 30 cm.

 

Image of Prunella vulgaris (Hierba mora / Hierba negra). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Prunella vulgaris

IX Region, Lago Caburga (Norte), Chile
Altitude: 400 m. 03 16, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

The plant grows in water or it has its roots within a permanent water course. This corresponds to marshes, bogs, water courses, lake and river shores.
Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.
Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.

 

Image of Prunella vulgaris (Hierba mora / Hierba negra). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Prunella vulgaris

IX Region, Lago Caburga (Norte), Chile
Altitude: 400 m. 03 16, 2006

 

USES

No ornamental value (C)

 

Useful properties:

Weed

 

 

 

Image of Prunella vulgaris (Hierba mora / Hierba negra). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Prunella vulgaris

VII Region, Las Lomas, Chile
Altitude: 400-600 m. 12 28, 2005

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More species from the same Lamiaceae family in our data base:

Lamiaceae sp. #1896

Lamium aplexicaule

Marrubium vulgare (Toronjil cuyano)

Mentha aquatica (Hierba buena / Bergamota / Sándalo de agua)

Mentha pulegium (Poleo / Menta)

Prunella vulgaris (Hierba mora / Hierba negra)

Satureja gilliesii (Menta de árbol)

Satureja multiflora (Menta de árbol / Satureja / Poleo en flor)

Sphacele chamaedryoides (Alhuelahuén)

Sphacele salviae (Salvia blanca)

Stachys pannosa

Stachys philippiana

Stachys sp. #1558

Stachys sp. #2768

Stachys sp. #1343

Stachys sp. #1879

Teucrium bicolor var. paposana

Teucrium bicolor (Oreganillo)

Unidentified Plant sp. #2128

 

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