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Image of Mulinum spinosum (Hierba negra / Palo negro / Hierba de la culebra). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Mulinum spinosum

VII Region, Laguna Maule, Chile
Altitude: 1300-2100 m. 02 09, 2006

 

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Species:  Mulinum spinosum (Cav.) Pers.
Family:  Apiaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Apiales
Chilean Name:  Hierba negra , Palo negro , Hierba de la culebra
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0165
About 9 Mulinum in Chile and 2 in our data base.
About 105 Apiaceae in Chile and 45 in our data base.

 

Medicinal   Edible plant   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 7, even 6b. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even  -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.   Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.     Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Extreme altitude well beyond the timber line
Extreme altitude well beyond the timber line
High altitude close to the timber line
Extreme altitude well beyond the timber line
High altitude close to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Yellow, 5 petals      Shrub     

Native    Very Frequent

Height: 25 cm.

Some ornamental value (B)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

Image of Mulinum spinosum (Hierba negra / Palo negro / Hierba de la culebra). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Mulinum spinosum

VII Region, Laguna Maule, Chile
Altitude: 1300-2100 m. 02 09, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Shrub

Flower: Yellow, 5 petals

Height: 25 cm.

 

Image of Mulinum spinosum (Hierba negra / Palo negro / Hierba de la culebra). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Mulinum spinosum

VII Region, Laguna Maule, Chile
Altitude: 1300-2100 m. 02 09, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Extreme altitude well beyond the timber line
High altitude close to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line

 

Watering conditions:

Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.
Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.

 

Image of Mulinum spinosum (Hierba negra / Palo negro / Hierba de la culebra). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Mulinum spinosum

VII Region, Reserva Nacional Altos del Lircay, Laguna del Alto, Chile
Altitude: 2200 m. 03 06, 2006

 

USES

Some ornamental value (B)

 

Useful properties:

Medicinal
Edible plant

 

 

 

Image of Mulinum spinosum (Hierba negra / Palo negro / Hierba de la culebra). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Mulinum spinosum

VII Region, Radal Siete Tazas, Chile
Altitude: 1200-1300 m. 02 13, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 7, even 6b. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (14) of Mulinum spinosum (Cav.) Pers. available here

More species from the same Apiaceae family in our data base:

Apiaceae sp. #1159

Apiaceae sp. #1354

Apiaceae sp. #1453

Apium sellowianum

Apium sp. #1505 (Apio)

Asteriscium chilense

Asteriscium sp. #2392

Azorella compacta

Azorella cryptantha

Azorella incisa

Azorella lycopodioides (Llaretita)

Azorella madreporica

Azorella madreporica

Azorella monatha

Azorella sp. #1763

Azorella trifoliolata

Azorella trifurcata

Bolax gumifera

Bowlesia incana

Conium maculatum

Daucus carota (Zanahoria silvestre)

Eryngium depressum

Eryngium paniculatum (Chupalla)

Eryngium sp. #1052

Foeniculum vulgare (Hinojo)

Gymnophyton flexuosum

Gymnophyton isatidicarpum (Bío-bío)

Gymnophyton robustum

Gymnophyton sp. #1759

Homalocarpus dichotomus

Hydrocotyle chamaemorus (Malva del monte)

Hydrocotyle poeppigii (Tembladerilla)

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides

Laretia acaulis (Llareta)

Mulinum crassifolium

Mulinum spinosum (Hierba negra / Palo negro / Hierba de la culebra)

Osmorhiza chilensis (Perejil del monte / Anís del cerro)

Plant sp. #2234

Pozoa coriacea (Anislao)

Pozoa volcanica (Anislao volcanica)

Sanicula crassicaulis

Sanicula graveolens (Perejil del monte / Asta de cabra)

 

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