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Image of Orites myrtoidea (Radal enano). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Orites myrtoidea

VIII Region, Los Angeles y Shangri-la, Chile
Altitude: 300-1500 m. 03 19, 2006

 

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Species:  Orites myrtoidea (Poepp. & Endl) Benth. & Hook ex B.D.Jacks
Family:  Proteaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Proteales
Chilean Name:  Radal enano
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0066
About 1 Orites in Chile and 1 in our data base.
About 7 Proteaceae in Chile and 7 in our data base.

 

1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.     Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Medium altitude up to the timber line
White, without information on the number of petals      Shrub     

Average germination, 30 - 60 %   

Endemic    Very Rare

Height: 2 m.

Good ornamental value (A)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

This is an endangered and truly rare Chilean plant which few people have seen. It grows only in a few locations in Chile in very specific environmental conditions; what is more, in most locations there are just a few plants. But it is a truly amazing shrub, since it can grow in lava fields where no other tree or brush can grow. In the sping in flowers with beatiful densely-pacted flowers, and in autumn the fruits glow with reddish-brown color, contrasting with the green foliage and the blacklava. If you are looking for an exotic shrub which would reflect the spirit of the Chilean volcanic Andes, this is the plant to go for.

Image of Orites myrtoidea (Radal enano). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Orites myrtoidea

VIII Region, Los Angeles y Shangri-la, Chile
Altitude: 300-1500 m. 03 19, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Shrub

Flower: White, without information on the number of petals

Height: 2 m.

 

This is an evergreen shrub which grows up to 2 m, but mostly is rather low (0,5 - 1 m) and wide, forming sometimes large groups which extend for 5 to 10 m. The leaves are coriaceous, about 3 cm long and 1 cm wide, with short petioles, oblong. The flowers come in compact racemes, of whitish or yellowish color, flowering in October and November. The seeds are winged, about 1,5 cm long and appear in February and March.

Image of Orites myrtoidea (Radal enano). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Orites myrtoidea

VIII Region, Los Angeles y Shangri-la, Chile
Altitude: 300-1500 m. 03 19, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Medium altitude up to the timber line

 

Watering conditions:

Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.

 

This plant is difficult to grow because of its rather strict habitat requirements: volcanic soil, middle altitudes, lot of sun, enough water. It grows in Central-southern parts of Chile, in 7-9 regions.

Image of Orites myrtoidea (Radal enano). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Orites myrtoidea

VIII Region, Los Angeles y Shangri-la, Chile
Altitude: 300-1500 m. 03 19, 2006

 

USES

Good ornamental value (A)

 

 

 

 

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Image of Orites myrtoidea (Radal enano). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Orites myrtoidea

VIII Region, Los Angeles y Shangri-la, Chile
Altitude: 300-1500 m. 03 19, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.

 

Very difficult to cultivate

 

Average germination, 30 - 60 %

 

 

 

 

 

Prior to planting, the seeds should be soaked in gilberic acid for a day or so. The soil must have good drainage? and preferibly be volcanic sand, with some organic matter added. If no volcanic sand can be found, some acid soil may work as well (lava is acid?). The seeds generally germinate well, and initial growth is good, but be warned, that unless the environmental conditions (soil, watering, sunlight, and temperature) are right, the plant often dies later. It is ideally suited to be grownin mountain areas with some snow cover. Another germination strategy may be the normal stratification procedure (moist sand at 5ºC for a couple of weeks and than warmer temperature).

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (17) of Orites myrtoidea (Poepp. & Endl) Benth. & Hook ex B.D.Jacks available here

More species from the same Proteaceae family in our data base:

Embothrium coccineum fma. andina (Notro andino / Ciruelillo)

Embothrium coccineum (Notro, ciruelillo)

Gevuina avellana (Avellano / Gevuín)

Lomatia dentada (Avellanillo / Avellanito / Palo negro / Piñol)

Lomatia ferruginea (Fuinque / Palmilla)

Lomatia hirsuta (Radal / Raral / Nogal silvestre)

Orites myrtoidea (Radal enano)

 

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