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Image of Acacia caven (Espino / Aromo). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Acacia caven

Region Metropolitana, Santiago, La Florida, Chile
Altitude: 800 m. 12 21, 2005

 

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Species:  Acacia caven Molina
Family:  Fabaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Fabales
Chilean Name:  Espino , Aromo
English Name:  Roman Cassie/Aromita/Aromo Criollo
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0001
About 5 Acacia in Chile and 4 in our data base.
About 311 Fabaceae in Chile and 186 in our data base.

 

Medicinal   Fodder plant   Industrial Use   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 9.  The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.   Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.     Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.   Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
Yellow, without information on the number of petals      Tree   Shrub     

Excellent germination capacity, over 80%   

Native    Very Frequent

Height: 3 m.

Some ornamental value (B)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

This is a small tree or shrub, quite common in Chile. It is easy to germinate and easy grow, it grows quite fast, reaching almost 2 m. by the end of the second year. It is not demanding in as far as soil is concerned, and requires little watering. It is not very hardy, but can withstand freezing spells.

Image of Acacia caven (Espino / Aromo). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Acacia caven

Region Metropolitana, Santiago, La Florida, Chile
Altitude: 800 m. 12 21, 2005

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Tree
Shrub

Flower: Yellow, without information on the number of petals

Height: 3 m.

 

Image of Acacia caven (Espino / Aromo). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Acacia caven

, Chile
Altitude: m. 01 01, 1995

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.
Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.
Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.

 

Image of Acacia caven (Espino / Aromo). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Acacia caven

VII Region, Radal Siete Tasas, Chile
Altitude: 600-800 m. 04 01, 2006

 

USES

Some ornamental value (B)

 

Useful properties:

Medicinal
Fodder plant
Industrial Use

 



 


 

This species has many uses. It is a source of food for bees, the wood is used for making charcoal or simply as firewood, and since the wood is very resistant to rotting, the locals prefer it as posts for fences. It had in the past use for manufacturing leather (as tanning agent), and also because of its scent it may have uses in perfume industry. It is said to has some medicinal properties, its seeds can be toasted and used a coffee replacement, having digestive and stimulating effect. Accoridng to Juan Zin, the cooked bark applied superficially can heal soars and wounds.

Image of Acacia caven (Espino / Aromo). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Acacia caven

Region Metropolitana, Santiago, La Florida, Chile
Altitude: 800 m. 12 21, 2005

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 9. The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

 

Relatively easy to cultivate

 

Excellent germination capacity, over 80%

 


 

acid soil with a significant content of ogranic matter

 


 

Recommended germination temperature: +18°C + 22°C
Recommended germination temperature: +14°C +18°C

 

The cultivation is rather straightforward, but bear in mind that the seeds must be scarified chemically or mechanically, otherwise the germination is very lengthy.

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (4) of Acacia caven Molina available here

More species from the same Fabaceae family in our data base:

Acacia caven (Espino / Aromo)

Acacia dealbata (Aromo (de castilla))

Acacia melanoxylon (Aromo australiano / Acacia negra)

Acacia sp. #1390

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Adesmia parviflora

Adesmia aphyla

Adesmia arborea

Adesmia argentea

Adesmia argyrophylla

Adesmia atacamensis

Adesmia capitella

Adesmia confusa

Adesmia echinus

Adesmia emarginata (Paramela)

Adesmia eremophila

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Adesmia longipes (Pasto de guanaco)

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Adesmia sp. #1329

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Adesmia sp. #2765 (adesmia)

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If you are interested in using these photographs...