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Image of Russula major (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Russula major

X Region, Volcan Choshuenco, Chile
Altitude: 200-1250 m. 04 13, 2006

 

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Species:  Russula major Singer
Family:  Russulaceae Identification OK, but we will check it just in case. Certainty 99 %.   
Order:  Russulales
Chilean Name: 
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0532
About 1 Russula in Chile and 1 in our data base.
About 2 Russulaceae in Chile and 2 in our data base.

 

1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 10 and 11. The plant does not tolerate freezing.     In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.   In deep shadow. Deep ravines facing south with additional shadow from trees, or where there is a very dense vegetation cover which gives 80 - 100 % shadow (for instance, the Valdivian forests)     The plant grows in water or it has its roots within a permanent water course. This corresponds to marshes, bogs, water courses, lake and river shores.   Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   
Low altitude, interior valleys
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
   Mushroom     

Native    Very Frequent

Height: 15 cm.

No ornamental value (C)

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INTRODUCTION

Image of Russula major (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Russula major

X Region, Volcan Choshuenco, Chile
Altitude: 200-1250 m. 04 13, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Mushroom

Height: 15 cm.

 

Image of Russula major (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Russula major

X Region, Volcan Choshuenco, Chile
Altitude: 200-1250 m. 04 13, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

The plant grows in water or it has its roots within a permanent water course. This corresponds to marshes, bogs, water courses, lake and river shores.
Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).

 

Light conditions:

In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.
In deep shadow. Deep ravines facing south with additional shadow from trees, or where there is a very dense vegetation cover which gives 80 - 100 % shadow (for instance, the Valdivian forests)

 

Image of Russula major (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Russula major

VII Region, Putu, Chile
Altitude: 0-10 m. 06 29, 2006

 

USES

No ornamental value (C)

 

 

 

 

Image of Russula major (). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Russula major

VII Region, Putu, Chile
Altitude: 0-10 m. 06 29, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 10 and 11. The plant does not tolerate freezing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (3) of Russula major Singer available here

More species from the same Russulaceae family in our data base:

Lactarius delicioussus (Lactarius)

Russula major

 

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