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Image of Viola portalesia (Violeta arbustiva). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Viola portalesia

V Region, Parque Nacional La Campana, Camino a Mina, Chile
Altitude: 700-1100 m. 10 08, 2006

 

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Species:  Viola portalesia Gay
Family:  Violaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Violales
Chilean Name:  Violeta arbustiva
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0491
About 72 Viola in Chile and 21 in our data base.
About 73 Violaceae in Chile and 21 in our data base.

 

1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 9.  The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).     Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.   In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.     Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Low altitude, interior valleys
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Blue, 5 petals      Shrub     

Endemic    Not Frequent

Height: 30 cm.

Good ornamental value (A)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

This viola is one of the few bigger sized shrub-type violas in Chile. Most other violas are small plants rarely exceeding 20 cm. This one grows to about 20 - 40 cm.

Image of Viola portalesia (Violeta arbustiva). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Viola portalesia

V Region, Parque Nacional La Campana, Camino a Mina, Chile
Altitude: 700-1100 m. 10 08, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Shrub

Flower: Blue, 5 petals

Height: 30 cm.

 

Image of Viola portalesia (Violeta arbustiva). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Viola portalesia

V Region, Parque Nacional La Campana, Camino a Mina, Chile
Altitude: 700-1100 m. 10 08, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.

 

Watering conditions:

Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).
Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.
In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.

 

Image of Viola portalesia (Violeta arbustiva). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Viola portalesia

V Region, Parque Nacional La Campana, Camino a Mina, Chile
Altitude: 700-1100 m. 10 08, 2006

 

USES

Good ornamental value (A)

 

 

 

 

Image of Viola portalesia (Violeta arbustiva). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Viola portalesia

V Region, Parque Nacional La Campana, Camino a Mina, Chile
Altitude: 700-1100 m. 10 08, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 9. The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (20) of Viola portalesia Gay available here

More species from the same Violaceae family in our data base:

Viola arvensis (Violeta / Pensamiento)

Viola atropurpurea

Viola congesta (Violeta de los volcanes)

Viola cotyledon (Hierba de corazón)

Viola fluehmannii

Viola glacialis

Viola litoralis

Viola maculata (Violeta amarilla)

Viola philippii

Viola polypoda

Viola portalesia (Violeta arbustiva)

Viola reichei

Viola rosulata

Viola rubella (Violeta arbustiva)

Viola sp. #1166

Viola sp. #1551

Viola sp. #1702

Viola sp. #2501

Viola sp.

Viola subandina

Viola taltalensis

Viola volcanica

 

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