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Image of Aristolochia chilensis (Oreja de zorro / Hierba de la Virgen Maria). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Aristolochia chilensis

III Region, Carrizal Bajo, Chile
Altitude: 30 m. 09 18, 2006

 

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Species:  Aristolochia chilensis Bridges ex Lindl.
Family:  Aristolochiaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Aristolochiales
Chilean Name:  Oreja de zorro , Hierba de la Virgen Maria
English Name:  birthwort/pipevine/Dutchman's pipes
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0472
About 4 Aristolochia in Chile and 4 in our data base.
About 4 Aristolochiaceae in Chile and 4 in our data base.

 

Medicinal   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 9.  The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.     Extremely dry areas with very rare rainfall. The dry season lasts 8 - 12 months and in some years it is possible to have no rainfall at all. Rainfall less than 100 mm/year.   Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.   Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Low altitude, interior valleys
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
Red, without information on the number of petals   Green, without information on the number of petals      Perennial     

Native    Frequent

Height: 15 cm.

Good ornamental value (A)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

This species is one of the two or three Aristolochias in Chile (it is still undecided whether one species is a valid species). It is one of the few insectivorous plants in Chile. Grows in relatively warm conditions (no frost), little watering, poor, sandy soils with good drainage.

Image of Aristolochia chilensis (Oreja de zorro / Hierba de la Virgen Maria). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Aristolochia chilensis

III Region, Carrizal Bajo, Chile
Altitude: 30 m. 09 18, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Perennial

Flower: Red, without information on the number of petals
Green, without information on the number of petals

Height: 15 cm.

 

Image of Aristolochia chilensis (Oreja de zorro / Hierba de la Virgen Maria). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Aristolochia chilensis

III Region, Carrizal Bajo, Chile
Altitude: 30 m. 09 18, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

Extremely dry areas with very rare rainfall. The dry season lasts 8 - 12 months and in some years it is possible to have no rainfall at all. Rainfall less than 100 mm/year.
Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.
Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.

 

Image of Aristolochia chilensis (Oreja de zorro / Hierba de la Virgen Maria). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Aristolochia chilensis

III Region, Carrizal Bajo, Chile
Altitude: 30 m. 09 18, 2006

 

USES

Good ornamental value (A)

 

Useful properties:

Medicinal

 

 

 

Image of Aristolochia chilensis (Oreja de zorro / Hierba de la Virgen Maria). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Aristolochia chilensis

IV Region, Chungungo - Mina El Tofo, Chile
Altitude: 200-600 m. 09 16, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 9. The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (14) of Aristolochia chilensis Bridges ex Lindl. available here

More species from the same Aristolochiaceae family in our data base:

Aristolochia bridgesii (Oreja de zorro / Hierba de Virgen María)

Aristolochia chilensis (Oreja de zorro / Hierba de la Virgen Maria)

Aristolochia chilensis

Aristolochia chilensis

 

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