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Image of Talguenea quinquinervia (Tralhuen). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Talguenea quinquinervia

VII Region, Pelarco, Libueno, Chile
Altitude: 300 m. 01 03, 2006

 

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Species:  Talguenea quinquinervia (Gill. et Hook.) Johnst.
Family:  Rhamnaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Rhamnales
Chilean Name:  Tralhuen
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0298
About 1 Talguenea in Chile and 1 in our data base.
About 14 Rhamnaceae in Chile and 9 in our data base.

 

1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 9.  The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).     Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.     Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
White, 5 petals      Shrub     

Native    Frequent

Height: 3 m.

No ornamental value (C)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

Most Chileans would not think of this plant as worthy of cultivation because its commonly found in the fields and is thought of as a weed shrub. Still, if you look closely at it, you may discover several interesting features of this plant - it looks rather strange and is very thorny, which makes it useful as a plant for fences. Plus, it is very forgiving for the novice - it does not have any special growth requirements.

Image of Talguenea quinquinervia (Tralhuen). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Talguenea quinquinervia

VII Region, Pelarco, Libueno, Chile
Altitude: 300 m. 01 03, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Shrub

Flower: White, 5 petals

Height: 3 m.

 

It is a shrub of up to 3 meters high, with straight, thin branches, which are somewhat ramose, and with strong, sharp thorns which are facing each other. The leaves are fasciculated in group of about 4, are entire, 1-2 cm. long, oblong, sessil. with 5 parallel-running and clearly marked nerves (this is where its name comes from). The flowers are whitish, small ( 5 mm.), with 5 petals, 5 stamens, 1 pistil. The fruit is a small egg-shaped brown nut of about 5 mm, protected by a cover. The plantblooms in August-October and the fruits appear in December - Janauary.

Image of Talguenea quinquinervia (Tralhuen). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Talguenea quinquinervia

VII Region, Pelarco, Libueno, Chile
Altitude: 350-450 m. 01 22, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.

 

Watering conditions:

Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.

 

This plant grows at low elevations in flatlands, prefers sunny spots and tolerates well dry seasons. Occasional freezing is not a problem, although it is usually never covered by snow in its natural habitat.

Image of Talguenea quinquinervia (Tralhuen). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Talguenea quinquinervia

VII Region, Pelarco, Libueno, Chile
Altitude: 350-450 m. 01 22, 2006

 

USES

No ornamental value (C)

 

 

 

 

Image of Talguenea quinquinervia (Tralhuen). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Talguenea quinquinervia

VII Region, Pelarco, Libueno, Chile
Altitude: 300 m. 01 03, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 9. The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (11) of Talguenea quinquinervia (Gill. et Hook.) Johnst. available here

More species from the same Rhamnaceae family in our data base:

Colletia sp. #1360

Colletia spinosa (Crucero / Yaqui / Cunco)

Colletia ulicina (Cunco rojo / Crucero)

Discaria articulata

Discaria nana (Discaria chica)

Discaria serratifolia (Chacay)

Retanilla ephedra (Frutilla del campo / Caman / Coquillo / Retamilla)

Talguenea quinquinervia (Tralhuen)

Trevoa trinervis (Tevo / Trevu)

 

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