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Image of Rhodophiala andicola (Aņaņuca de los volcanes). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Rhodophiala andicola

IX Region, Llaima, Chile
Altitude: 1200-1600 m. 03 23, 2008

 

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Species:  Rhodophiala andicola (Poepp.) Traub
Family:  Amaryllidaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Liliales
Chilean Name:  Aņaņuca de los volcanes
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0255
About 26 Rhodophiala in Chile and 21 in our data base.
About 38 Amaryllidaceae in Chile and 30 in our data base.

 

1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapķ, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicķ.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepciķn, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucķn.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 7, even 6b. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even  -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.     Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   
High altitude close to the timber line
Red, 6 petals      Perennial   Bulb Plant     

Endemic    Frequent

Height: 25 cm.

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

This is a Rhodophiala of the Southern Andes of Chile, very characteristic of the volcano landscapes - it has rather small flowers, pinkish-red in color, which generally do not open as much as the other Rhodophialas (they are bell-shaped), giving thus an impression of being even smaller (this may be the result of the harsher climate). It may be less impressive than the other Rhodophialas due to its smaller size of the flower, short stems, and the fact that the flowers are solitary, but it is surprising how well this plant copes with the harsh conditions of the high mountains and barren soils - it is indeed a special pleasure to discover a delicately looking flower on a black lava slope covered with razor-sharp stones"

Image of Rhodophiala andicola (Aņaņuca de los volcanes). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Rhodophiala andicola

IX Region, Llaima, Chile
Altitude: 1200-1600 m. 03 23, 2008

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Perennial
Bulb Plant

Flower: Red, 6 petals

Height: 25 cm.

 

This is a perennial bulbous plant of about 15 - 25 cm. The leaves are present during the flourishing. The leaves are linear, thick 15 - 25 cm long and about 7- 8 mm wide. The plant has delicate pinkish-red flowers with darker stripes. The flower can be as big as 10 cm in diameter and has six yellow stamens and one pinkish pistil which is quite longer than the stamens, and the flowers are solitary (this differentiates them from the other two commonly found Rhodophialas - the splenderosa, andbakeri). The seeds come in a three-parted greenish-brown capsule which contains about 20 - 40 shiny black flat round seeds of 1 cm of diameter stacked up one on the other like pages of a book. The flowers appear in December - January, generally later than other Rhodophialas, and the seeds are ripe in February-March.

Image of Rhodophiala andicola (Aņaņuca de los volcanes). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Rhodophiala andicola

IX Region, Llaima, Chile
Altitude: 1200-1600 m. 03 23, 2008

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

High altitude close to the timber line

 

Watering conditions:

Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.

 

This plant gows at higher elevations in Southern Chile (Volcan Llaima: 1500 - 1800 m), just above the tree line, sometimes mingling with the more audacious Araucarias; it prefers sunny spots and grows generally on volcanic sand or semi-desintegratedlava fields with good drainage. It needs a lot of water during its vegetative growth (in spring), but during the flowering it can withstand dry spells of up to one month (the bulbs store nutrients and water necessary for flowering).

Image of Rhodophiala andicola (Aņaņuca de los volcanes). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Rhodophiala andicola

IX Region, Llaima, Chile
Altitude: 1200-1600 m. 03 23, 2008

 

USES

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

 

 

 

 

Ornamental.

Image of Rhodophiala andicola (Aņaņuca de los volcanes). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Rhodophiala andicola

IX Region, Llaima, Chile
Altitude: 1200-1600 m. 03 23, 2008

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 7, even 6b. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It can be easily propaged by seeds or by division of bulbs. The seeds must be immersed in water for a day o two and then stratified in damp sand for four to eigth weeks at 5ēC. Then, the seeds are planted in warmer soil (15ēC) with poor organic content, preferibly volcanic sand. If volcanic sand is not available, perlite-type substrate may work as well (do not overfertilize"). Do not expect flowers for at least two seasons, because the bulb needs time to develop.

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (20) of Rhodophiala andicola (Poepp.) Traub available here

More species from the same Amaryllidaceae family in our data base:

Famatina cisandina

Famatina maulensis

Narcissus tazeta (Junco / narciso)

Narcissus tazetta subsp. italicus (Junco / narciso)

Phycella bicolor (Azucena del diablo)

Phycella ignea (Aņaņuca de fuego)

Phycella scarlatina

Placea arzae (Placea)

Placea ornata

Rhodophiala advena

Rhodophiala advena

Rhodophiala advena

Rhodophiala ananuca

Rhodophiala andicola (Aņaņuca de los volcanes)

Rhodophiala araucana

Rhodophiala araucana

Rhodophiala bagnoldii (Aņaņuca amarilla)

Rhodophiala bagnoldii

Rhodophiala bakeri

Rhodophiala laeta (Aņaņuca rosada)

Rhodophiala moelleri

Rhodophiala montana (Aņaņuca de las montaņas)

Rhodophiala phycelloides (Revienta ojos)

Rhodophiala pratensis

Rhodophiala rhodolirion (Aņaņuca de cordillera)

Rhodophiala rhodolirion

Rhodophiala sp. #1436

Rhodophiala sp. #1501

Rhodophiala sp. #1755

Rhodophiala splendens (Aņaņuca esplendorosa)

 

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