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Image of Lapageria rosea (Copihue). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Lapageria rosea

X Region, Hueicolla, Chile
Altitude: 0-200 m. 03 26, 2008

 

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Species:  Lapageria rosea Ruiz & Pav.
Family:  Philesiaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Liliales
Chilean Name:  Copihue
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0144
About 1 Lapageria in Chile and 1 in our data base.
About 5 Philesiaceae in Chile and 4 in our data base.

 

Edible plant   Industrial Use   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 9.  The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).     In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.   In deep shadow. Deep ravines facing south with additional shadow from trees, or where there is a very dense vegetation cover which gives 80 - 100 % shadow (for instance, the Valdivian forests)     The plant grows in water or it has its roots within a permanent water course. This corresponds to marshes, bogs, water courses, lake and river shores.   Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   
Low altitude, interior valleys
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
Red, 6 petals      Shrub   Climber     

Average germination, 30 - 60 %   

Endemic    Frequent

Height: 10 m.

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

This is probably the most famous Chilean plant, the bell flower. It is the National Flower of Chile. It generally comes is red-pinkish color, and very rarely one can find in nature albine flowers as well. The fruits are edible and have pleasant sweet taste, especially when they are not yet ripe. The ripe fruits have hard seeds, and eating becomes rather complicating.

Image of Lapageria rosea (Copihue). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Lapageria rosea

X Region, Hueicolla, Chile
Altitude: 0-200 m. 03 26, 2008

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Shrub
Climber

Flower: Red, 6 petals

Height: 10 m.

 

Image of Lapageria rosea (Copihue). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Lapageria rosea

VII Region, Camino a Vilches y El Morillo, Chile
Altitude: 1000-1500 m. 01 26, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

The plant grows in water or it has its roots within a permanent water course. This corresponds to marshes, bogs, water courses, lake and river shores.
Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).

 

Light conditions:

In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.
In deep shadow. Deep ravines facing south with additional shadow from trees, or where there is a very dense vegetation cover which gives 80 - 100 % shadow (for instance, the Valdivian forests)

 

Image of Lapageria rosea (Copihue). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Lapageria rosea

VII Region, Camino a Vilches y El Morillo, Chile
Altitude: 1000-1500 m. 01 26, 2006

 

USES

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

 

Useful properties:

Edible plant
Industrial Use

 

 

 

Image of Lapageria rosea (Copihue). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Lapageria rosea

VII Region, Camino a Vilches y El Morillo, Chile
Altitude: 1000-1500 m. 01 26, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 9. The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

 

Very difficult to cultivate

 

Average germination, 30 - 60 %

 

 

 

 

 

This plant is known to be very delicate and difficult to germinate. This ill fame stems from the fact that the seeds are generally sold dry, and it is very difficult to bring them back to life. If you start out with fresh, wet seeds, the story is quite different: at least about 50 - 60 % of all seeds germinate" To germinate successfully, plant seeds in very acid soil (pH about 5), expose to cold for about 30 days and then allow to germiante at +15 +20º C. After germinating the seeds, the maintaining of the seedlings becomes complicated: they need shade from sun, a lot of humidity and watering, acid soil, moderate temperatures, and they do not tolerate transplanting (if you do it, you must be extremely careful not to damage the roots"). So keeping these plants is not for everybody. If you are doing everything aboslutely correctly expect first flowers in about three-four years, but otherwise it may take almost a decade.

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (16) of Lapageria rosea Ruiz & Pav. available here

More species from the same Philesiaceae family in our data base:

Lapageria rosea (Copihue)

Luzuriaga polyphylla (Quilineja / Coral / Azahar)

Luzuriaga radicans (Quilineja / Coral / Azahar)

Philesia magellanica (Coicopihue)

 

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