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Image of Sambucus nigra (Sauco). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Sambucus nigra

IX Region, Camino Melipeuco - Lago Caburga, Chile
Altitude: 400-700 m. 02 16, 2006

 

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Species:  Sambucus nigra L.
Family:  Caprifoliaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Dipsacales
Chilean Name:  Sauco
English Name:  Black elder/European elder
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0113
About 1 Sambucus in Chile and 1 in our data base.
About 2 Caprifoliaceae in Chile and 2 in our data base.

 

Medicinal   Edible plant   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 9.  The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).     Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.   In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.     The plant grows in water or it has its roots within a permanent water course. This corresponds to marshes, bogs, water courses, lake and river shores.   
Low altitude, interior valleys
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
White, 5 petals      Tree     

Foreign    Frequent

Height: 6 m.

Some ornamental value (B)

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INTRODUCTION

Image of Sambucus nigra (Sauco). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Sambucus nigra

IX Region, Camino Melipeuco - Lago Caburga, Chile
Altitude: 400-700 m. 02 16, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Tree

Flower: White, 5 petals

Height: 6 m.

 

Image of Sambucus nigra (Sauco). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Sambucus nigra

IX Region, Camino Melipeuco - Lago Caburga, Chile
Altitude: 400-700 m. 02 16, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

The plant grows in water or it has its roots within a permanent water course. This corresponds to marshes, bogs, water courses, lake and river shores.

 

Light conditions:

Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.
In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.

 

Image of Sambucus nigra (Sauco). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Sambucus nigra

IX, Parque Nacional Conguillo, Chile
Altitude: 300-1250 m. 02 15, 2006

 

USES

Some ornamental value (B)

 

Useful properties:

Medicinal
Edible plant

 

 

 

Image of Sambucus nigra (Sauco). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Sambucus nigra

IX Region, Camino Melipeuco - Lago Caburga, Chile
Altitude: 400-700 m. 02 16, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 9. The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (6) of Sambucus nigra L. available here

More species from the same Caprifoliaceae family in our data base:

Sambucus nigra (Sauco)

Symphoricarpus albus

 

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