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Image of Araucaria araucana (Araucaria / Pehuén / Piñonero). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Araucaria araucana

IX Region, Vilcun - Llaima, Chile
Altitude: 400-1500 m. 03 14, 2006

 

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Species:  Araucaria araucana (Molina) K. Koch
Family:  Araucariaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Coniferas
Chilean Name:  Araucaria , Pehuén , Piñonero
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0089
About 2 Araucaria in Chile and 2 in our data base.
About 2 Araucariaceae in Chile and 2 in our data base.

 

Medicinal   Edible plant   Timber   Industrial Use   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 7, even 6b. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even  -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.   Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.     Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Medium altitude up to the timber line
   Tree     

Excellent germination capacity, over 80%   

Native    Very Frequent

Height: 40 m.

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

Our philosophy and explanations about this page


Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

No doubt that this is one of the most famous Chilean plants. It is huge, tall, sturdy, strange-looking, it bark very reminiscent of the dinosaur skin, and this comparision is not too far fetched, because it is one of the oldest families of trees on earth. In addition, it also one of the long-living species, and there are many treees older than 1000 years. The only inconvenience is that it grows very slowly. On the positive side, it is ideally suited for beginners, because no matter how badly you botch it up, the seeds will germinate anyway, and because the seeds are so big, it a couple of weeks you obtain an established plant (10 - 15 cm).

Image of Araucaria araucana (Araucaria / Pehuén / Piñonero). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Araucaria araucana

IX Region, Llaima, Chile
Altitude: 1200-1900 m. 03 17, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Tree

Height: 40 m.

 

Image of Araucaria araucana (Araucaria / Pehuén / Piñonero). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Araucaria araucana

IX Region, Vilcun - Llaima, Chile
Altitude: 400-1500 m. 03 14, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Medium altitude up to the timber line

 

Watering conditions:

Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).
Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.
Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.

 

Image of Araucaria araucana (Araucaria / Pehuén / Piñonero). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Araucaria araucana

IX Region, Vilcun - Llaima, Chile
Altitude: 400-1500 m. 03 14, 2006

 

USES

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

 

Useful properties:

Medicinal
Edible plant
Timber
Industrial Use

 

 

 

Image of Araucaria araucana (Araucaria / Pehuén / Piñonero). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Araucaria araucana

IX Region, Vilcun - Llaima, Chile
Altitude: 400-1500 m. 03 14, 2006

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 7, even 6b. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).

 

Very easy to cultivate

 

Excellent germination capacity, over 80%

 

 

 

 

 

The seeds are easy to germinate provided that they are fresh. the sure way to germinate them is to soak the seeds for about two days in water, then carry out a short cold stratification (put the seeds into a refrigerator for about 10 - 15 days in humid sand), and then plant them at 20º C. The germination rate is about 80%, and because the seeds are quite big, the initial growth (10 -12 cm.) is very quick - it takes less than 90 days from the time you soak the sees till you obtain the young plants of this size. For some batches of seeds the cold stratification may not be necessary if the seeds were exposed to rain before harvesting (happens quite often in their natural habitat) and underwent the natural cold stratification. In that case the seeds would germinate well, but they can not be stored for long period of times before sowing, because they start to spoil. We have successfully germinated seeds which were stored for up to 1 year and a half, but we recommend that as a rule, only fresh seeds are used and are not stored for more than 3 months after harvest (in Chile, the harvesting time is around March - April).

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (20) of Araucaria araucana (Molina) K. Koch available here

More species from the same Araucariaceae family in our data base:

Araucaria angustifolia

Araucaria araucana (Araucaria / Pehuén / Piñonero)

 

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