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Image of Quillaja saponaria (Quillay). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Quillaja saponaria

VII Región, Los Queñes, Chile
Altitude: 450 m. 12 30, 2006

 

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Species:  Quillaja saponaria Molina
Family:  Rosaceae Identification OK   
Order:  Rosales
Chilean Name:  Quillay
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0009
About 1 Quillaja in Chile and 1 in our data base.
About 46 Rosaceae in Chile and 28 in our data base.

 

Medicinal   Industrial Use   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.     Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.   Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.     Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
White, 5 petals      Tree     

Endemic    Very Frequent

Height: 25 m.

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

This is a very interesting tree

Image of Quillaja saponaria (Quillay). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Quillaja saponaria

VII Región, Los Queñes, Chile
Altitude: 450 m. 12 30, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Tree

Flower: White, 5 petals

Height: 25 m.

 

Image of Quillaja saponaria (Quillay). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Quillaja saponaria

VII Region, Las Lomas, Chile
Altitude: 400-600 m. 12 28, 2005

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.
Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.
Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.

 

Image of Quillaja saponaria (Quillay). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Quillaja saponaria

VII Region, Las Lomas, Chile
Altitude: 400-600 m. 12 28, 2005

 

USES

Excellent ornamental value (A +)

 

Useful properties:

Medicinal
Industrial Use

 

 

 

Image of Quillaja saponaria (Quillay). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Quillaja saponaria

VII Region, Las Lomas, Chile
Altitude: 400-600 m. 12 30, 2005

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.

 

Relatively easy to cultivate

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (9) of Quillaja saponaria Molina available here

More species from the same Rosaceae family in our data base:

Acaena alpina (Cepacaballo / Cadillo)

Acaena antarctica

Acaena argentea (Cadillo / Trun / Amor seco / Zarzaparrilla / Proquín)

Acaena caespitosa

Acaena integerrima

Acaena leptacantha (Pimpinela)

Acaena magellanica

Acaena ovalifolia

Acaena pinnatifida (Pimpinela cimarrona / Abrojo)

Acaena sericea

Acaena splendens (Abrojo / Cadillo / Choncli / Amor seco / Cepacaballo)

Aphanes sp. #2312

Crataegus monogyna (Crategus / Peumo alemán / Peumo extranjero)

Fragaria chiloensis (Frutilla silvestre)

Geum magellanicum (Hierba del clavo)

Kageneckia angustifolia (Frangel / Olivillo de cordillera)

Kageneckia oblonga (Bollén)

Margyricarpus pinnatus (Hierba de la perlilla)

Polylepis rugulosa

Polylepis tarapacana

Potentilla sp. #2357

Pyracantha sp. #2361

Quillaja saponaria (Quillay)

Rosa moschata (Rosa mosqueta / Mosqueta / Rosa silvestre)

Rubus geoides (Miñe-miñe)

Rubus ulmifolius (Zarzamora / Mora)

Tetraglochin alatum (Horizonte / Caulia)

Tetraglochin cristata (Horzonte/añaguaya)

 

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