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Image of Drimys winteri (Canelo / Fuñe / Boighe / Boique). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Drimys winteri

VII Region, Reserva Nacional Altos del Lircay, Chile
Altitude: 400-1550 m. 01 07, 2006

 

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Species:  Drimys winteri J.R. & G. Forster
Family:  Winteraceae Identification OK, but we will check it just in case. Certainty 99 %.   
Order:  Magnoliales
Chilean Name:  Canelo , Fuñe , Boighe , Boique
English Name: 
German Name: 
Russian Name: 
Record:  0008
About 5 Drimys in Chile and 2 in our data base.
About 5 Winteraceae in Chile and 2 in our data base.

 

Medicinal   Timber   
1st Region:
Lat: 18° - 21°
Main Cities: Arica, Iquique.
2d Region:
Lat: 21° - 26°
Main Cities: Antofagasta, Calama.
3d Region:
Lat: 26° - 29°
Main Cities: Copiapó, Vallenar.
4th Region:
Lat: 29° - 32°
Main Cities: La Serena, Ovalle.
5th Region:
Lat: 32° - 33°
Main Cities: Valparaiso, Los Andes.
Metropolitan Region:
Lat: 33°- 34°
Main Cities: Santiago.
6th Region:
Lat: 34° - 35°
Main Cities: Rancagua.
7th Region:
Lat: 35° - 36°
Main Cities: Talca, Curicó.
8th Region:
Lat: 36° - 38°
Main Cities: Concepción, Chillan, Los Angeles.
9th Region:
Lat: 38° - 39°
Main Cities: Temuco, Villarrica, Pucón.
10th Region:
Lat: 39° - 44°
Main Cities: Valdivia, Osorno, Puerto Montt.
11th Region:
Lat: 44° - 49°
Main Cities: Coihaique.
12th Region:
Lat 49°- 55°
Main Cities: Punta Arenas, Puerto Natales, Puerto Williams.
USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.     Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.   In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.     The plant grows in water or it has its roots within a permanent water course. This corresponds to marshes, bogs, water courses, lake and river shores.   Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).   Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.   
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m
White, 7 - 14 petals      Tree     

Low germination, less than 30 %   

Endemic    Frequent

Height: 25 m.

Good ornamental value (A)

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Here you can buy the seeds of this species.

 

INTRODUCTION

Drimys winteri is an extremely important plant for the local Indians, the Mapuche. It was considered to be a symbol of peace, and it was almost obligatory to have on planted near one's house for good luck and protection. Most peace treaties among the Indians were signed under the shade of this magic tree. On a more practical level, it is also a medicinal planty, a good source of vitamin C. It is also a tonic. It is relatively easy to grow, but the germination is rather lengthy, and may take several month. The seeds may not be dried out and must be planted fresh.

Image of Drimys winteri (Canelo / Fuñe / Boighe / Boique). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Drimys winteri

VII Region, Reserva Nacional Altos del Lircay, Chile
Altitude: 400-1550 m. 01 07, 2006

 

DESCRIPTION

Plant type: Tree

Flower: White, 7 - 14 petals

Height: 25 m.

 

Image of Drimys winteri (Canelo / Fuñe / Boighe / Boique). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Drimys winteri

VII Region, Reserva Nacional Altos del Lircay, Chile
Altitude: 400-1550 m. 01 07, 2006

 

HABITAT

In Chile this species grows in the following environmental conditions:

 

Habitat according to altitude:

Medium altitude up to the timber line
Low altitude, interior valleys
Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.
Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

 

Watering conditions:

The plant grows in water or it has its roots within a permanent water course. This corresponds to marshes, bogs, water courses, lake and river shores.
Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).
Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

 

Light conditions:

Some shadow. Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.
In shadow. Steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40 - 80 % of light.

 

Image of Drimys winteri (Canelo / Fuñe / Boighe / Boique). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Drimys winteri

VII Region, Vilches Alto, El Morillo, Chile
Altitude: 1500 m. 02 10, 2006

 

USES

Good ornamental value (A)

 

Useful properties:

Medicinal
Timber

 

 

 

Image of Drimys winteri (Canelo / Fuñe / Boighe / Boique). Click to enlarge parts of image.

Image of Drimys winteri

VII Region, Las Lomas, Chile
Altitude: 400-600 m. 12 28, 2005

 

GROWING TIPS

 

This species has the following hardiness:

USDA Hardiness Zone 8. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-8° C), can tolerate occasional snow cover for up to a couple of weeks per year.

 

Relatively easy to cultivate

 

Low germination, less than 30 %

 

 

 

 

 

If you are interested in purchasing seeds of this or similar species, please go to our On-line Seeds Shop.

 

More photos (6) of Drimys winteri J.R. & G. Forster available here

More species from the same Winteraceae family in our data base:

Drimys andina (Canelo enano / Canelo andino)

Drimys winteri (Canelo / Fuñe / Boighe / Boique)

 

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